Nearly all pregnant women can benefit from good nutritional habits prior to and during pregnancy. The increased number of birth defects during times of famine attest to the adverse effects of poor nutrition during pregnancy.
A diet high in fat and sugar, and low in complex carbohydrates during pregnancy and breastfeeding may not provide adequate amounts of essential vitamins and minerals. This can result in health problems for the newborn. Pregnant women should choose a well-balanced and varied diet.